# English Cardinal Numerals

**Contents**hide

# Cardinal Numerals:

**Here is a table of cardinal numerals in English: (table 1)**

Number |
Numeral |

0 |
Zero |

1 |
One |

2 |
Two |

3 |
Three |

4 |
Four |

5 |
Five |

6 |
Six |

7 |
Seven |

8 |
Eight |

9 |
Nine |

10 |
Ten |

11 |
Eleven |

12 |
Twelve |

13 |
Thirteen |

14 |
Fourteen |

15 |
Fifteen |

16 |
Sixteen |

17 |
Seventeen |

18 |
Eighteen |

19 |
Nineteen |

20 |
Twenty |

30 |
Thirty |

40 |
Forty |

50 |
Fifty |

60 |
Sixty |

70 |
Seventy |

80 |
Eighty |

90 |
Ninety |

100 |
One hundred |

1,000 |
One thousand |

1,000,000 |
One million |

1,000,000,000 |
One billion |

1,000,000,000,000 |
One trillion |

Some of these **numerals** can be combined to form larger numbers.

For** example**:

**23** is **twenty-three.**

**567** is **five hundred sixty-seven.**

In English, **cardinal numerals** can be formed using both **simple **and **compound forms**:

** **

**Simple cardinal numerals:**

are formed by using __a single__ __word__ to represent a number.

**Examples** include ** one, two, three, **and so on.

**Simple numerals **can be used by themselves, as in __I have__** three cats**, or they can be combined with other words to form more complex expressions, such as

__three cups of flour.__** **

**Compound cardinal numerals:**

are formed by combining __two or more__ simple numerals to create a new number.

In English, **compound numerals** are formed using **a hyphen** between the individual numerals.

** ****For example**: ** twenty-four** is a

**compound numeral**that is formed by combining the simple numerals

__twenty and four.__Other **examples** of **compound numerals** include __thirty-five, sixty-eight, and one hundred twenty-three.__

**Irregularities in forming compound numerals:**

There are **a few irregularities** in the formation of compound numerals.

**For example**: the compound numeral __for 21 is twenty-one, not two-ten-one.__

Similarly, the compound numeral __for 31 is thirty-one,__ __not three-ten-one.__

**These irregularities** are simply conventions of the English language and must be memorised.

** **

### Formation using suffixes:

**Cardinal numerals** in English can also be formed using suffixes.

Here are some **examples**: ** -teen**: This suffix is added to the numbers

**13–19**to create the numbers from 13 to 19.

For **example**: **thirteen, fourteen, fifteen, etc.**

__–__** ty**: This suffix is added to the multiples of

**10 (20, 30,**

**40, etc**.) to create the numbers from 20 to 90.

For **example**: **twenty, thirty, forty, etc.**

__ __** -th**: This suffix is added to

**cardinal numerals**to form

**ordinal numerals**.

For **example:** **first, second, third, etc.**

__ __** -fold**: This suffix is added to

**cardinal numerals**to create

**multiplicative expressions**.

For **example**, **twofold** means ** double or twice as many, threefold** means

__triple or three times as many, etc.____ __** -illion**: This suffix is added to the number

**one**to create

**large numbers**.

For **example**: **million, billion, trillion, etc.**

** **

Some **suffixes** can be combined __to form more complex expressions. __

For **example**, ** twenty-third** is a compound

**ordinal numeral**formed by combining the simple

**cardinal numerals**

__twenty and__

__three__and adding the ordinal suffix

__-rd.__Similarly, ** thirty-fivefold** is a multiplicative expression formed by combining

**the simple cardinal numerals**

__thirty and five__and adding the suffix

__-fold.__

** Hundred thousand** and

**are both numerical expressions representing**

__million__**large numbers**in English.

__ __** Hundred thousand** refers to the number

**100,000,**which is the product of

__100 multiplied by 1,000__.It can be written in numeral form as ** 100,000** or in words as

**one hundred**

**thousand.**

__ __** Million** refers to the number

**1,000,000,**which is the product of

__1,000 multiplied by 1,000__.It can be written in numeral form as ** 1,000,000** or in words as

**one million.**

** A million** is a

__standalone numerical term__, whereas a

__hundred thousand__is typically used as

__part of larger numerical expressions.__For **example**: the number ** 250,000** can be expressed as

**two hundred**

**fifty thousand,**

and the number ** 3,500,000** can be expressed as

**three million five hundred thousand.**

### Usage of the ending S with numerical expressions:

The use of the ending ** s** with these numerical expressions depends

**in which they are used.**

*on the context*When used ** as a noun**, both

__hundred thousand____and__can take

**million****the plural form**and have an

**added**

__s____to the end__.

For **example:** I have** millions **

__of dollars__

**or**There are

__thousands____of people__at the concert

**.**

However, when used __as an adjective to modify a noun____,__ they do not take** the plural form and **do not have** an s** added to the end.

For **example**, He earned __a million____ dollars__ or The house is worth

__several hundred thousand__

**dollars.**** When amillion** is used to indicate

**, it can be**

*a quantity***singular or plural,**depending on the context.

For **example**, **one million** **dollars **is a lot of money versus **Millions of people** attended the event.

__In the first sentence__, ** million **is

**singular**because it refers to a

**,**

*specific quantity*whereas in __the second sentence__, ** millions** is

**plural**because it refers to an

*unspecified large number of people.*** **

**Compound cardinal numerals:**

with __three or more parts__ are formed by *combining simple numerals and place value*** words** (

__such as__.) in a specific order.

**hundred, thousand, million,**etcFor **example**: the number **2,098** is a **compound numeral** that is formed by combining the simple numerals ** two, zero, and nine** and the place value word

__hundred.__

__The order of the parts is as follows:__

**Thousands**: The first part of **the numeral** is the number of **thousands**, if any.

In this case, there are no ** thousands**, so

__this part is omitted__.

**Hundreds**: The second part of **the numeral** is the number of **hundreds**, if any.

In this case, there are ** two hundreds,** so the numeral

__starts with__

**two hundred.****Tens and Ones**: The final part of **the numeral** is the number of **tens and ones**.

In this case, there are ** zero tens and nine ones**, so the numeral

__ends with__

**nine.**Putting it all together, the numeral **2,098 **is expressed as ** two hundred ninety-eight **in words.

Other **examples** of **compound cardinal numerals** with ** three or more parts **include:

** ****5,672**: **five thousand six hundred seventy-two.**

** ****123,456**: **one hundred twenty-three thousand four hundred fifty-six.**

**6,789,012**: **six million seven hundred eighty-nine thousand twelve.**

### Irregularities with numbers:

While the order of the parts is generally consistent, there are ** some irregularities**, particularly with numbers that have multiple zeros.

For **example:** the number **1,000,000** is expressed as **one million,** *not *__one thousand thousand.__

However, these irregularities can be easily memorised with practice.