The English Adjective

The Adjective is a part of speech that describes a noun’s qualities.

colour, size, taste, appearance, age, forms, material, shape, and

answer to a question: what? (what kind of)

red, good, young, strong, smart, and interesting.


Adjectives do not have gender, number, or case:

an old woman, an old man, two young men, and three little kids.


Adjectives change in a form showing comparison:

small                   smaller                  smallest


 Adjectives are divided into:

simple, derivative, and compound.


Simple Adjectives:

do not have suffixes and prefixes: big, short, red, black, young


Derivative Adjectives:

are formed by adding suffixes or prefixes, and sometimes the both of them at the same time.

correct          in – correct

important      un– important

significant      in – significant

tolerant          in – tolerant

un – comfort – able

un – success – ful



    Common suffixes for Adjectives:

               able/ible                adorable


                ant/ent                  pleasant


                ate                          passionate

                ful                          wonderful

                ian                         Canadian

                ical                         medical

                ish                          selfish

                like                         child-like

                some                      awesome

                y                               noisy

                ous                          famous

                less                       helpless


Common prefixes for Adjectives:

Un           Unjust
Im           immature
In            inconvenient
Ir            irreplaceable
Il            Illegal
Non            non-political
Dis            dishonest


Compound Adjectives:

Some adjectives have a compound form and consist of

two words with one semantic meaning:

short-term blue-collar white-washed ill-minded

home-bred   ice-cold       overcooked       well-known         seasick


Adjectives occur before nouns, modifying them, and have

attributive function, when it comes after a verb it plays a predicative function:

The large (attributive) vase is on the table.

The vase is large (predicative).






The English Adjective

Substantivized Adjectives

Degrees of Comparison of the Adjectives

The Degrees of Comparison of Adverbs

What is a Pronoun? The Functions of the English pronouns.

What is a Noun? How to use it?

Reflexive Pronouns

Reciprocal Pronouns

Demonstrative Pronouns