Prepositions “With” and “By” to compare


With and by are both prepositions, but they are used in slightly different ways and convey different meanings in sentences.

Here’s a comparison of the two with examples:


Using With:

Meaning: With often implies association, accompaniment, or means.

It indicates that something is together or in the company of something else or that it’s done using a particular tool or method.


Examples: She went to the park with her friends.

(She was in the company of her friends.)


I cut the cake with a knife.

(The knife is the tool used for cutting.)


He’s a talented musician with a beautiful voice.

(Association, he possesses both talents.)







Using By:

Meaning: By is used to indicate the method or means by which something is done.

It can also indicate proximity, authorship, or agency.


Examples: The book was written by Mark Twain.

(Authorship, Mark Twain wrote the book.)


The package was delivered by the postal service.

(Agency, the postal service carried out the delivery.)


She solved the problem by using a calculator.

(Means, she used a calculator to solve the problem.)


He lives by the river.

(Proximity, he lives close to the river.)




In summary, with typically indicates association, accompaniment, or means of doing something, while by often indicates the method, agent, or authorship of an action or the proximity of something to another.









Prepositions “With” and “By” to compare

Preposition – “With”

Preposition – “Towards”

Prepositions “Since” and “From”

Prepositions – “Round” and Around”