Mixed and Implied Conditionals


Mixed Conditionals:

Mixed conditionals are a combination of elements from both the second and third conditionals.

These types of conditional sentences involve a present or future unreal condition and a past unreal result, or vice versa.

Mixed conditionals are useful for expressing complex relationships between past, present, and future situations.


Here are examples and explanations for two common types of mixed conditionals:


Present unreal condition with past unreal result:  If I knew (past indefinite) you were coming, I would have baked (would + present perfect) a cake.


Past Unreal Condition with Present Unreal Result: If she had studied harder (past perfect), she would have a better job now (would + base form).



Time Shift:

In mixed conditionals, there is a temporal shift between the condition and the result.

The condition may be related to the present or future, while the result is related to the past.




Implied Conditionals:

In an implied conditional scenario, where the result is understood without being explicitly stated, the conditional clause is often implied rather than explicitly mentioned.


I didn’t know you were in town.

I should have picked you up from the airport.


Implied Conditional:

If I had known you were in town, I would have picked you up from the airport.



He never invited me to the party.

I would have attended.


Implied Conditional:

If he had invited me to the party, I would have attended.



Why didn’t you inform me earlier?

 I would have rearranged my schedule.


Implied Conditional:

If you had informed me earlier, I would have rearranged my schedule.


In these examples, the speaker expresses a regret or a missed opportunity, and the implied conditional clause provides the context for the unfulfilled condition.








Conditional sentences: Mixed and Implied

Would and Should in Conditional sentences

IF (Conditional) Sentences

Subordinate Clauses

Exclamatory Sentences

Imperative Sentences

Preposition – “Towards”