What is Adverbial Modifier of a Sentence?


An adverbial modifier is a word or phrase that functions as an adverb to modify or describe a verb, an adjective, or another adverb in a sentence.

Adverbial modifiers provide additional information about the manner, time, place, frequency, degree, or other circumstances related to the action or state expressed in the sentence.

Adverbial modifiers can take various forms, including single adverbs, adverbial phrases, or adverbial clauses.

They add detail and specificity to the information conveyed in a sentence.



Types of Adverbial Modifiers:

The questions that adverbial modifiers answer depend on their specific type (manner, time, place, frequency, etc.).

Here are sentences and corresponding questions as examples for different types of adverbial modifiers:





We will meet for lunch at noon.


When will we meet?

At what time will we meet?





They searched for the missing keys in the living room.


Where did they search?

In what location did they search?






He exercises three times a week.


How often does he exercise?

How many times a week does he exercise?






The storm grew increasingly intense.


To what extent did the storm grow?

How intense did it become?






The match was canceled due to heavy rain.


Why was the match canceled?

For what reason was it canceled?






She studied hard to pass the exam.


What is the reason for studying hard?

What is the intended goal of studying?






She completed the painting skillfully.


How did she complete the painting?

In what way did she complete it?



Adverbial modifiers of manner can indeed modify and enhance both adjectives and adverbs.

Here are examples for each case:


Modifying Adjectives:

The dress was incredibly beautiful.

The room was surprisingly clean.



Modifying Adverbs:

She sang the song very beautifully.

He runs on the treadmill quite slowly.


In both cases, the adverbial modifiers of manner provide additional information about the intensity or degree of the adjective or adverb they modify.






Varieties of Adverbial Modifiers:

Adverbial modifiers can be expressed by various parts of speech.

Here are examples for each:


By Adverb:

Example: He ran swiftly to catch the bus.

The adverbial modifier swiftly provides information about the manner in which he ran.




By Noun with Preposition:

Example: She went to the party with enthusiasm.

The adverbial modifier with enthusiasm consists of the noun enthusiasm and the preposition with, providing information about the manner in which she attended the party.




By Participle:

Example: Excited, the children opened their presents.

The adverbial modifier Excited is a participle modifying the subject children, providing information about their state as they opened the presents.




By Infinitive:

Example: He worked hard to finish the project on time.

The adverbial modifier to finish the project on time is an infinitive phrase providing information about the purpose or goal of his hard work.




By Gerund with Preposition:

Example: She succeeded by working with dedication.

The adverbial modifier by working with dedication consists of the gerund working, the preposition by, and the object dedication, providing information about the means by which she succeeded.


These examples illustrate how adverbial modifiers can take various forms, including single adverbs, noun phrases with prepositions, participles, infinitive phrases, and gerund phrases with prepositions.

Each form serves to modify the verb, adjective, or adverb in the sentence, providing additional information about different aspects such as manner, means, or purpose.






Adverbial Modifiers placement:

The placement of adverbial modifiers in a sentence can vary, and it often depends on the specific modifier and its role in the sentence.:


After the Object:

In many cases, adverbial modifiers are placed after the object they modify.


She played the piano(object) passionately(manner).



Arrangement of Two Adverbial Modifiers:

When there are two adverbial modifiers in a sentence, their arrangement can vary.

However, there are some general principles to consider:



Time and Place:

These adverbial modifiers typically follow the object in that order.

Example: He went to the store(object) yesterday (time) for groceries (place).




Manner and Degree:

These adverbial modifiers can often be interchanged, but one may precede the other for emphasis.


She sang the song beautifully (manner) and with great emotion(degree).


Additionally, some adverbial modifiers, such as those expressing frequency or purpose, may have different preferred positions in a sentence.















What is Adverbial Modifier of a Sentence

What is the Attribute of a Sentence?

What is The Object of a Sentence?

What is a predicate? Predicate Types